Safety culture as a contemporary healthcare construct: theoretical review, research assessment, and translation to human resource management

dc.citation.epage 133
dc.citation.spage 97
dc.contributor.author Palmieri, Patrick A.
dc.contributor.author Peterson, Lori T.
dc.contributor.author Pesta, Bryan J.
dc.contributor.author Flit, Michel A.
dc.contributor.author Saettone, David M.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-22T17:24:05Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-22T17:24:05Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.description.abstract Through a number of comprehensive reviews, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) has recommended that healthcare organizations develop safety cultures to align delivery system processes with the workforce requirements to improve patient outcomes. Until health systems can provide safer care environments, patients remain at risk for suboptimal care and adverse outcomes. Health science researchers have begun to explore how safety cultures might act as an essential system feature to improve organizational outcomes. Since safety cultures are established through modification in employee safety perspective and work behavior, human resource (HR) professionals need to contribute to this developing organizational domain. The IOM indicates individual employee behaviors cumulatively provide the primary antecedent for organizational safety and quality outcomes. Yet, many safety culture scholars indicate the concept is neither theoretically defined nor consistently applied and researched as the terms safety culture, safety climate, and safety attitude are interchangeably used to represent the same concept. As such, this paper examines the intersection of organizational culture and healthcare safety by analyzing the theoretical underpinnings of safety culture, exploring the constructs for measurement, and assessing the current state of safety culture research. Safety culture draws from the theoretical perspectives of sociology (represented by normal accident theory), organizational psychology (represented by high reliability theory), and human factors (represented by the aviation framework). By understanding not only the origins but also the empirical safety culture research and the associated intervention initiatives, healthcare professionals can design appropriate HR strategies to address the system characteristics that adversely affect patient outcomes. Increased emphasis on human resource management research is particularly important to the development of safety cultures. This paper contributes to the existing healthcare literature by providing the first comprehensive critical analysis of the theory, research, and practice that comprise contemporary safety culture science. es_ES
dc.description.peer-review Revisado por pares es_ES
dc.format application/pdf es_ES
dc.identifier.citation Palmieri, P. A., Peterson, L. T., Pesta, B. J., Flit, M. A., & Saettone, D. M. (2010). Safety culture as a contemporary healthcare construct: theoretical review, research assessment, and translation to human resource management. En: Strategic human resource management in health care (pp. 97-133). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1108/S1474-8231(2010)0000009009
dc.identifier.journal Advances in Health Care Management es_ES
dc.identifier.uri https://repositorio.usil.edu.pe/handle/usil/3975
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/S1474-8231(2010)0000009009
dc.identifier.uri https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/S1474-8231%282010%290000009009
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Emerald Group Publishing Limited en
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess
dc.source Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola es_ES
dc.source Repositorio Institucional - USIL es_ES
dc.subject Comprehensive Health Care en
dc.subject Servicio de salud es_ES
dc.subject Personal médico es_ES
dc.subject Medical Personnel en
dc.subject Política de la salud es_ES
dc.subject.mesh Health Policy en
dc.title Safety culture as a contemporary healthcare construct: theoretical review, research assessment, and translation to human resource management en
dc.type info:eu-repo/semantics/bookPart
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