Examinando por Tema "Ergonomics"
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ArtículoA Teaching Experience of the Human-Computer Interaction Course in a Master Program(Springer Verlag, 2019-07-24) Paz, Freddy Asrael ; Moquillaza, Arturo ; Falconi, FiorellaLearning-by-doing is an educational theory which establishes that the students learn in a more effective way if they are involved in experiences of the real world instead of passively listening. In the HCI course of the Master Program in Informatics, of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, the professors proposed the active-learning approach for the teaching of several topics related to HCI such as usability, user-centered design, human factors, accessibility, ergonomics and internationalization that are nowadays relevant concepts for the design process of graphical user interfaces. For this purpose, we received the committed collaboration of a local financial entity, the BBVA Continental Bank, which voluntarily agreed to establish a set of requirements for the design of GUIs that support the implementation of new features in ATMs. This proposed exercise has allowed the students to apply what they learned in real work situations, and to consolidate the discussed concepts from practice.
ArtículoInterruptions and cognitive processes in nursing: Review, analysis, recommendations( 2010-10) DeLucia, Patricia R. ; Ott, Tammy E. ; Palmieri, Patrick A.Nurses spend more time with patients than other health care providers, and patient outcomes are impacted by nursing care quality. Thus, enhancements in nursing performance can lead to improvements in patient safety. Results of our comprehensive literature review (DeLucia, Ott, & Palmieri, in press) indicated that numerous factors affect the performance of nurses. These include cognitive factors (interruptions, cognitive processes), physical factors (musculoskeletal disorders, environment), and organizational factors (work hours, staffing). Here, we focus on cognitive factors. Nurses' work is cognitively demanding. Nursing involves multi-tasking, relies on procedural and prospective memory, and occurs under frequent interruptions. We discuss interruptions and cognitive processes in nursing and provide a conceptual analysis and recommendations. We conclude that the nurses' work system does not accommodate limitations and capabilities of the nurse, particularly limits in cognitive processes. The field of human factors and ergonomics is uniquely suited to redesign the nurses' work system to enhance nursing performance and improve patient safety. Of particular importance for future research is the study of interruptions and cognitive processes in nursing.